Photo by M. B. Tulinov, St. Petersburg, Russia. December 1860 – October 1861 6,1 х 10,2 cm Alexander Ivanovich EVROPEUS (1826-1885), public figure, member of the Petrashevaky Group, a literary discussion group of Russian intellectuals, which included, among others, the writer Fedor Dostoevsky. In the St. Petersburg apartment of Alexander Evropeus, the Petrashevsky Group gathered to talk and celebrate the French philosopher and socialist thinker François Marie Charles Fourier. Tried as the ‘revolutionaries’ along with other Petrashevsky Group, Alexander was sentenced to death, which was, at the last moment, replaced with the army service in the rank of a common soldier. (Members of the nobility were serving in the army as officers.) In his later life, Alexander Evropeus was arrested several more times for supporting the liberation of the Russian farmers and signing a petition address to Alexander II. C4960 EVROPEUS, A. I. (Европеус А.И.)